titus 1:5 commentary
November 13th, 2020

James Rosscup - This old, conservative Wesleyan Methodist work is good devotionally and aggressive for righteous living. “Elder” signifies age whereas “bishop” (v. 7) signifies management. a)He is to hold firmly to the faithful Word. 1)People are always taking advantage or at least trying to take advantage of good people. Elder rule was thus being established as the New Testament pattern of church government (cf. (1Ti 3:4 3:5). (Comment: In this context, anupotaktos refers to unbelievers - lawless, ungodly, sinners, unholy, profane, etc). b)This word means “disciplined”. Acts 7:35+ "This Moses whom they disowned, saying, 'Who made you a ruler and a judge?' KJV: For this cause left I thee in Crete, that thou shouldest set in order the things that are wanting, and ordain elders in every city, as I had appointed thee: Phillips: I left you in Crete to set right matters which needed attention, and gave you instructions to appoint elders in every city. The Septuagint (Greek translation of the Hebrew) uses asotia one time in the following verse (which is Brenton's English translation), "A wise son keeps the law: but he that keeps up debauchery (asotia) dishonors his father." In the book of Acts, Luke has several references to "elders" in the sense of spiritually mature leaders in the church. (Wuest, K. S. Wuest's Word Studies from the Greek New Testament: Studies in the Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament: Grand Rapids: Eerdmans). 3.He says the children are not to be accused of “rebellion”. (1Corinthians. 3:12; 5:9; 6:7f, 14; 10:8, 14; Job 1:13, 18; 12:20; 32:4, 6; 42:17; Ps. The others had turned over the leadership responsibilities to the elders and left the city to engage in missionary work. Your email address will not be published. Friberg sums up the three basic meanings - "(1) conduct, bring, lead to (Acts 17.15+); (2) set in an elevated position appoint, put in charge (Luke 12.42); (3) with a double accusative make someone something, cause to be in a certain position or state (2Pe 1.8); passive be made, become (James 4.4)" (Analytical Lexicon), Louw-Nida on kathistemi - 1. appoint, put in charge, designate (Mt 24:45); 2. cause to be, make (Ac 7:10, 27, 35; Ro 5:19+). But its predominant use is for “appointing” a person to an office or “putting a person in charge” of something. (MacArthur, J: Acts 1-12; Acts 13-28 Moody Press), John MacArthur also has an excellent summary of the word "elder" and how it relates to pastor and overseer, writing that elder is "a general term referring to those who are also called “overseers” in 1Ti 3:1 ("It is a trustworthy statement: if any man aspires to the office of overseer (episkopos), it is a fine work he desires to do"). He wanted Titus to organize the church in Crete. 2:5–11). Wheaton, Ill.: Victor Books. D.If an man cannot keep these qualifications then he cannot be a steward of God, 1.Look here at the first part of verse 7, “For the overseer must be above reproach as God’s steward”. (1Ti 5:9). 2)They do this by lying to them and saying they have 5 kids to feed and they just need 5 dollars for bus fare when in reality they just want to go by a drink at the local bar. Above reproach (410) (anegkletos or anenkletos from a = without, negative particle + egkaleo/enkaleo {en = in + kaleo = call} = to call in {as a debt or demand}, to bring to account, to accuse in court, call into account, bring a charge against - in Ro 8:33-note "who will bring a charge [egkaleo] against God's elect?… " The answer "no one") means not arraigned (as in a court), that which cannot be called to account, unblamable, blameless, irreproachable, free from accusation or reproach, not accused of having done anything wrong. That pastor made an honest mistake, but it illustrates that leaders must know where they are going. pass. There were only incidental references in Acts and the epistles. righteous.” Another synonym which was not used is gínomai (1096), to become, or, in this case, to make. Reprinted by permission. It means there is nothing laid to one’s charge (as the result of public investigation). (The Discovery Bible). No, we all need to strive to be like this. The Greek word has the same ambiguity as the English. 2)Now we can see here why Titus needs this creditability with them if he is the one to ordain/appoint the elders. Asotia is variously translated as profligacy (state of being completely given up to dissipation and licentiousness), reckless abandon, debauchery (extreme indulgence in sensuality), riotous living, wild, excess, extravagant squandering, dissoluteness, prodigality (quality of being recklessly extravagant with wasteful lavishness threatening to lead to early exhaustion of resources). Every (2596) city (4172) could be a relatively large number for Smith's Bible Dictionary says "in early times (Crete) was celebrated for its hundred cities" (Clarke refers to Crete as a "hecatopolis or hundred cities"). 5:12–21 is a passage of major theological importance. He must remain true and faithful to his wife. No man could legitimately appoint himself High-Priest. (Macarthur J. James. MacArthur nicely qualifies this requirement reminding us that "Paul is not speaking of sinless perfection but is declaring that leaders of Christ’s church must have no sinful defect in their lives that could justly call their virtue, their righteousness, or their godliness into question and indict them. Paul dove immediately into the purpose of the epistle with this verse.

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