old colony massachusetts
November 13th, 2020

The 1629 charter of Charles I asserted that the second Colony ranged from 40th to 48th degrees north latitude, which reduced the overlap.) [98] The population of Massachusetts remained largely English in character until the 1840s. These areas provided the bulk of the migration, although colonists also came from other regions of England. Sunday - Monday: [114] Most of today's Massachusetts boundaries with its neighbors were fixed in the 18th century. Women were almost exclusively responsible for seeing to the welfare of the children. [70] Evidence was sometimes based on hearsay and superstition. Carruth was a successful businessman and enthusiastic supporter of the expansion of railroads in Massachusetts and elsewhere in New England. Old Colony Correctional Center (OCCC) is a medium and minimum security facility focused on mental health with the objective of providing services more efficiently while at the same time promoting rehabilitation and re-entry. This independence helped the settlers to maintain their Puritan religious practices without interference from the king, Archbishop Laud, or the Anglican Church. This infuriated many English merchants, commercial societies, and Royal committees who petitioned the King for action, claiming that the New England colonists were hurting their trade. by a meeting of the council of assistants,[vague] the general court ordered each town to send two representatives known as deputies to meet with the court to discuss matters of taxation. Legal tender included England's pound, Spanish "Pieces of eight", wampum in the 1640s and of course, barter. This line has been abandoned. These grants were typically about 40 square miles (10,000 ha), and were located sufficiently near other towns to facilitate defense and social support. [8] The experience proved exceptionally difficult for the 120 settlers, however, and the surviving colonists abandoned the colony after only one year. [2] After this date, all trains, lines, and stations became known as the "Old Colony Division" of the huge "New Haven" system. [93] The pattern of migration often centered around specific Nonconformist clergy who sought to leave England under threat from Archbishop Laud, who encouraged their flock to accompany them. Old Colony Correctional Center is a Massachusetts Department of Correction men's prison in Bridgewater, Massachusetts.The medium security facility is located in a 30-acre (12 ha) plot of land in the Bridgewater Correctional Complex with the Bridgewater State Hospital, Massachusetts Alcohol and Substance Abuse Center, and the Massachusetts Treatment Center. The quo warranto was issued immediately. [82] This and other patterns of trade became illegal following the introduction of the Navigation Acts in 1651, turning colonial merchants who continued these trading patterns into de facto smugglers. 5:15 pm-6:15 pm, 6:30 pm-7:30 pm, 7:45 pm-8:45 pm, Friday: Parts of the former OC on Cape Cod are also still used to operate the Cape Cod Central Railroad tourist train from Hyannis to Buzzards Bay during the summer and fall months. The Puritans established a theocratic government limited to church members. The 1872 merger formed a system with three main branches; Boston to Plymouth, South Braintree to Fall River and Newport, and a third splitting from the Newport branch at Middleborough to Hyannis. [38], When the warrant arrived in Boston, the General Court voted on what course the colony should take. This line would later become part of OC in 1879. James II of England united Massachusetts with the other New England colonies in the Dominion of New England in 1686. [90], The Puritan dislike of ostentation led the colony to also regulate expenditures on what it perceived as luxury items. [76], In 1643, Massachusetts Bay joined Plymouth Colony, Connecticut Colony, and New Haven Colony in the New England Confederation, a loose coalition organized primarily to coordinate military and administrative matters among the Puritan colonies. On April 6, 1902, a new alignment was opened from Broadway to Crescent Avenue station, eliminating a grade crossing of Dorchester Avenue. The parties reached a compromise and agreed that the general court would be made up of two deputies representing each town. The land-use patterns of the Indigenous people included plots cleared for agricultural purposes and woodland territories for hunting game. In 1660, English Quaker Mary Dyer was hanged in Boston for repeatedly defying a law banning Quakers from the colony. [42] Wealthier individuals would extend their house by adding a leanto on the back, which allowed a larger kitchen (possibly with a brick or stone chimney including an oven), additional rooms, and a sleeping loft. This political turmoil ended in compromise with the deputies voting to allow the delegates in London to negotiate and defend the colonial charter. [17] The Cape Ann settlement was not profitable, and the financial backers of the Dorchester Company terminated their support by the end of 1625. There had previously been an Old Colony Railroad formed in 1838 for a line between Taunton and New Bedford, but the name was changed to the New Bedford and Taunton Railroad in 1839 before service began in 1840. John Cotton, and other leaders sought to prevent dissenting religious views, and many were banished because of differing religious beliefs, including Roger Williams of Salem and Anne Hutchinson of Boston, as well as unrepentant Quakers and Anabaptists. Old Colony Hospice goes above and beyond for patients and their families. The following is a description of the Old Colony Railroad lines and branches at about the time of the 1893 lease to the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad, and shortly thereafter. [72], One of the first to be executed in the colony was Dorothy Talbye, who was apparently delusional. The Old Colony Railroad (OC) was a major railroad system, mainly covering southeastern … This deal also gave the Old Colony Railroad direct access to the important industrial port of New Bedford. Charles sought to extend royal influence over the colonies, which Massachusetts resisted along with the other colonies. Following this discovery, the colonial magistrates began proceedings to bring existing settlements under their authority in southern New Hampshire and Maine. The colony's economy began to diversify in the 1640s, as the fur trading, lumber, and fishing industries found markets in Europe and the West Indies, and the colony's shipbuilding industry developed. John Sever of Kingston, Massachusetts served as the first president of the Old Colony Railroad Corporation from 1844-1845. The growth of a generation of people born in the colony and the rise of a merchant class began to slowly change the political and cultural landscape of the colony, even though its governance continued to be dominated by relatively conservative Puritans. Towns often had a village green, used for outdoor celebrations and activities such as military exercises of the town's trainband or militia. Certain businesses were quick to thrive, notably shipbuilding, fisheries, and the fur and lumber trades. Farmers with large plots of land might build a house near their properties on the outskirts of the town. [11], In December 1620, a group of Pilgrims established Plymouth Colony just to the south of Massachusetts Bay, seeking to preserve their cultural identity and attain religious freedom. [13] Edward Winslow and William Bradford were two of the colony's leaders and were likely the authors of a work published in England in 1622 called Mourt's Relation. Names were propagated within the family, and names would be reused when infants died. On September 22, 1895, the New Haven converted all former Old Colony lines from left-hand running to right-hand running.[10]. For example, the "ordeal of touch" was used in 1646 in which someone accused of murder is forced to touch the dead body; if blood appears, the accused is deemed guilty. [88], The colonial government attempted to regulate the economy in a number of ways. They then demanded that the charter be enforced to the letter, which Governor Winthrop pointed out was impractical given the growing number of freemen. Many of the early colonists who migrated from England came with some or all of their family. Some income-producing activities took place in the home, such as carding, spinning, and weaving of wool and other fibers.

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