north germanic languages list
November 13th, 2020

Sw vecka, Dan uge) and vatn (Sw vatten, Dan vand) whereas Bokmål has retained the Danish forms (begynne, uke, vann). Another official language in the Nordic countries is Greenlandic (in the Eskimo family), the sole official language of Greenland. The results from the study of how well native youth in different Scandinavian cities did when tested on their knowledge of the other Continental Scandinavian languages are summarized in table format,[24] reproduced below. Even though standard Swedish and Danish were moving apart, the dialects were not influenced that much. According to the study, youth in this region were able to understand the Danish language (slightly) better than the Norwegian language. A total population of approximately 20 million people speaks these languages. Its roots can be traced back, however, to the dialect spoken by the Salian Franks of the 5th century AD. The two countries took different sides during several wars until 1814, when the Denmark-Norway unit was disestablished, and made different international contacts. [24][25] According to a study undertaken during 2002–2005 and funded by the Nordic Cultural Fund, Swedish speakers in Stockholm and Danish speakers in Copenhagen have the greatest difficulty in understanding other Nordic languages. It was spread around the world with the help of the independence of the Dutch Republic and the colonization efforts of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. As a result, Nynorsk does not conform to the above east–west split model, since it shares a lot of features with Swedish. This page was last edited on 18 November 2020, at 00:10. However, Danish has developed a greater distance between the spoken and written versions of the language, so the differences between spoken Norwegian and spoken Danish are somewhat more significant than the difference between their respective written forms. Participants from Malmö, located in the southernmost Swedish province of Scania (Skåne), demonstrated a better understanding of Danish than Swedish speakers to the north. Some innovations are not found in West and East Germanic, such as: After the Old Norse period, the North Germanic languages developed into an East Scandinavian branch, consisting of Danish and Swedish; and, secondly, a West Scandinavian branch, consisting of Norwegian, Faroese and Icelandic and, thirdly, an Old Gutnish branch. The language group is also referred to as the "Nordic languages", a direct translation of the most common term used among Danish, Faroese, Icelandic, Norwegian, and Swedish scholars and laypeople. [11] Norwegian settlers brought Old West Norse to Iceland and the Faroe Islands around 800. It originated from the Old English language, which was introduced to Great Britain by the Anglo-Saxon people when they settled in the area during the 5th century AD. [13] In the 16th century, many Danes and Swedes still referred to North Germanic as a single language, which is stated in the introduction to the first Danish translation of the Bible and in Olaus Magnus' A Description of the Northern Peoples. [20] The Jamtlandic dialects share many characteristics with both Trøndersk and with Norrländska mål. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Germanic languages § Vocabulary comparison, A language is a dialect with an army and navy, failure to agree upon a common standardized language in Norway, Comparison of Norwegian Bokmål and Standard Danish, Language Family Trees Indo-European, Germanic, North, Nordiske sprog i fortid og nutid. It is the most widely used language and the third most commonly taught language of the European Union. The Nordic Council's/Nordic Council of Ministers' political magazine, Sammallahti, Pekka, 1990. Scandinavian languages, also called North Germanic languages, group of Germanic languages consisting of modern standard Danish, Swedish, Norwegian (Dano-Norwegian and New Norwegian), Icelandic, and Faroese. [23] The study, which focused mainly on native speakers under the age of 25, showed that the lowest ability to comprehend another language is demonstrated by youth in Stockholm in regard to Danish, producing the lowest ability score in the survey. This migratory movement brought with it changing language patterns and the Old High German dialect was born from the Old Saxon language. On the other hand, Høgnorsk (High Norwegian) is similar to Nynorsk and is used by a very small minority. Each subfamily in this list contains subgroups and individual languages. A 2005 survey of words used by speakers of the Scandinavian languages showed that the number of English loanwords used in the languages has doubled during the last 30 years and is now 1.2%. By the 12th century, the Old Dutch language evolved into Middle Dutch and the same time that Medieval Dutch literature became prevalent, again developing out of the need to reach a wider reader base. Youth in Copenhagen had a very poor command of Swedish, showing that the Øresund connection was mostly one-way. Norwegians, who spoke (and still speak) the Norwegian dialects derived from Old Norse, would say vindauga or similar. The North Germanic languages are national languages in Denmark, Iceland, Norway and Sweden, whereas the non-Germanic Finnish is spoken by the majority in Finland. Approximately 20 million people in the Nordic countries speak a Scandinavian language as their native language,[5] including an approximately 5% minority in Finland. Middle English gave way to early Modern English in the latter part of the 15th century. By Amber Pariona on February 15 2018 in Society. Sproglighed og sprogforskelle, sprogfamilier og sprogslægtskab, "On the origins of the Elfdalian nasal vowels from the perspective of diachronic dialectology and Germanic etymology", "Variation in subject case marking in Insular Scandinavian", http://www.uniforum.uio.no/nyheter/2005/03/nynorsk-noe-for-svensker.html, The Scandinavian Languages: Their Histories and Relationships, Jemtsk og trøndersk – to nære slektningar, "The National Minority Languages in Sweden", "Älvdalskan är ett språk – inte en svensk dialekt", "Älvdalska – eget språk eller värsting bland dialekter?

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