montesquieu full name
November 13th, 2020

Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Montesquieu had a wide circle of acquaintances in England. 7-11,127-125, 275-276., His main political thesis is that despotism can only be avoided by the presence of a strong nobility, which should secure the implementation of a system of law and should act as an intermediary between the monarch and the people. Educated first at home and then in the village, he was sent away to school in 1700. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In 1716 his uncle, Jean-Baptiste, baron de Montesquieu, died and left to his nephew his estates, with the barony of Montesquieu, near Agen, and the office of deputy president in the Parlement of Bordeaux. He was called back to Bordeaux by the death of his father in 1713. He was born in a French noble family in 1689 and died in 1755. MONTESQUIEU Charles Louis Secondat, Baron de la Brède et de Montesquieu (1689-1755), whose name is usually shortened to Montesquieu, was a French philosopher and author, who is considered one of the founders of sociology as a scholarly discipline. The work—infused throughout with a new spirit of vigorous, disrespectful, and iconoclastic criticism—made Montesquieu famous. He criticized French society and especially the excesses of absolutism. 144-174. A vacancy there arose in October 1727. Montesquieu, in full Charles-Louis de Secondat, baron de La Brède et de Montesquieu, (born January 18, 1689, Château La Brède, near Bordeaux, France—died February 10, 1755, Paris), French political philosopher whose principal work, The Spirit of Laws, was a major contribution to political theory. Black Friday Sale! He left Juilly in 1705, continued his studies at the faculty of law at the University of Bordeaux, graduated, and became an advocate in 1708., The Catholic Encyclopedia - Biography of Charles-Louis de Secondat Montesquieu, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy - Biography of Baron de Montesquieu, Charles-Louis de Secondat, Alpha History - Biography of Baron de Montesquieu, Montesquieu - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up), “Reflections on the Causes of the Grandeur and Decline of the Romans”. He entered Italy, and, after tasting the pleasures of Venice, proceeded to visit most of the other cities. He was among the most influential thinkers of the French Enlightenment. The tone of life at court was set by the rakish regent, the duc d’Orléans, and Montesquieu did not disdain its dissipations. His father, Jacques de Secondat, belonged to an old military family of modest wealth that had been ennobled in the 16th century for services to the crown, while his mother, Marie-Françoise de Pesnel, was a pious lady of partial English extraction. Going to Paris in 1722, he was assisted in entering court circles by the duke of Berwick, the exiled Stuart prince whom he had known when Berwick was military governor at Bordeaux. Charles Louis de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu was born on January 18, 1689, at the castle of La Brède near Bordeaux. While Usbek and Rica report about their explorations of Europe and comment on the manners and customs they encounter, and the forms of government, the situation in the palace at home deteriorates because of a rebellion of the harem ladies. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Author of. He became a Freemason. Charles-Louis admired and exploited his wife’s business skill and readily left her in charge of the property on his visits to Paris. His position was one of some dignity. Montesquieu now sought to reinforce his literary achievement with social success. In Paris his interest in the routine activities of the Parlement in Bordeaux, however, had dwindled. Madeleine Dobie, Foreign bodies; gender, language, and culture in French orientalism, Stanford University Press, Stanford 2001. with a long noble ancestry, and his mother, Marie Françoise de Pesnel, who died when Charles Louis was seven, was an heiress (a woman with a large monetary inheritance) who … Montesquieu. He wrote an account of his travels as interesting as any other of the 18th century. The novel Lettres persanes consists of the correspondence of the Persian notables Usbek and Rica, travelling to Europe, with several persons at home, especially the eunuch of the harem and some of the women. French political philosopher Montesquieu was best known for The Spirit of Laws (1748), one of the great works in the history of political theory and of jurisprudence. Updates? Baron de Montesquieu was one of the great political philosophers of the Enlightenment period, and brought forward many great ideas and thoughts By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The connection with the Thousand and one nights can be found [1] in the structure of interrupted stories within the letters; [2] the inserted tales; and [3] in the plot evolving around the relationship between Usbek and his main wife Roxanne and the latter’s refusal to accept her husband’s despotic authority. This official recognition of his talent might have caused him to remain in Paris to enjoy it.

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