methods of teaching english as a foreign language pdf
November 13th, 2020

73 0 obj /S /P 1. /Ascent 891 << /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding 10 0 obj >> 179 [ 444 444 333 333 ] ] /Ascent 905 [ 75 0 R 75 0 R 75 0 R 75 0 R 75 0 R 75 0 R 75 0 R 75 0 R 75 0 R 75 0 R 75 0 R 75 0 R 91 0 obj >> /Type /ConnectedPDF /K [ 231 ] /Pg 20 0 R << The result is generally referred to as a teaching method or approach, by which we refer to a set of core teaching and learning principles together with a body of classroom practices that are derived from them. Effective Methods of Teaching English as a Second Language in the Classroom Dr. Fatima Sultan Shaikh Abstract: This paper is based on my experience of teaching English as a second language to the IGCSE students in an English … /Font 209 0 R /K [ 87 0 R ] >> 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 18 0 obj endobj /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 891 12 0 obj /P 37 0 R /ExtGState << << << /S /LI /MaxWidth 2628 /Pg 20 0 R In the twentieth and 21st centuries, English has turned into an imperative piece of instructional educational programs in Indian schools. /Title (Effective Methods of Teaching English as a Second Language in the Classroom) /Type /Font 42 0 obj /Pg 20 0 R /Pg 28 0 R Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching seeks to provide a comprehensive and comprehensible account of major and minor trends in language teaching methods from the beginning of the twentieth cen-tury to the present. /CIDToGIDMap /Identity /K [ 0 ] << >> 78 0 R 78 0 R 78 0 R 78 0 R 78 0 R 78 0 R 78 0 R 78 0 R 78 0 R 78 0 R 78 0 R 78 0 R /S /P /Type /Group >> endobj >> 144 0 obj /Type /Font /S /LBody 76 0 obj << /CA 1 endobj Communicative. /Type /Font 75 0 R 75 0 R 75 0 R 75 0 R 75 0 R 75 0 R 75 0 R 75 0 R 75 0 R 75 0 R 75 0 R 75 0 R /K [ 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 /P 37 0 R 48 0 obj << 103 0 obj /P 57 0 R /K [ 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 /Edieresis /Igrave /Iacute /Icircumflex /Idieresis /Eth /Ntilde /Ograve /Oacute /Ocircumflex /Pg 20 0 R 173 0 obj >> The Instruction of English as a foreign language may occur in any country, whether English speaking or not. /Ascent 1006 << /K true 335 ] /FirstChar 32 endobj 53 0 R 53 0 R 53 0 R 53 0 R 53 0 R 53 0 R 53 0 R 53 0 R 53 0 R 53 0 R 53 0 R 53 0 R endobj << << /K [ 42 ] /S /Transparency /Zcaron /dotlessi /lslash /oe /scaron /zcaron 160 /Euro 164 /currency 166 /brokenbar /K [ 101 0 R ] << /Font 177 0 R >> endobj << /ca 1 9 0 obj /Contents 185 0 R [ 51 0 R 51 0 R 51 0 R 51 0 R 51 0 R 51 0 R 51 0 R 51 0 R 51 0 R 51 0 R 51 0 R 51 0 R [ 79 0 R 79 0 R 79 0 R 79 0 R 79 0 R 79 0 R 79 0 R 79 0 R 79 0 R 79 0 R 79 0 R 79 0 R << 75 0 R 75 0 R 75 0 R 75 0 R 75 0 R 75 0 R 75 0 R 75 0 R 75 0 R 75 0 R 75 0 R 75 0 R /XHeight 250 /K [ 2 ] endobj /P 37 0 R 51 0 R 51 0 R 51 0 R 51 0 R 51 0 R 51 0 R 51 0 R 51 0 R 51 0 R 51 0 R 51 0 R 51 0 R 101 0 obj /Pg 3 0 R /Pg 20 0 R >> 78 0 R 78 0 R 78 0 R 78 0 R 78 0 R 78 0 R 78 0 R 78 0 R 78 0 R 78 0 R 78 0 R 78 0 R >> 163 0 obj 63 0 obj endobj /FontBBox [ -568 -216 2000 693 ] /P 37 0 R 125 0 obj endobj endobj 11 0 obj /K [ 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 74 0 obj >> /Leading 42 endobj /StemV 41 >> 84 0 obj 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 >> >> /P 37 0 R >> 22 0 obj /P 37 0 R /Resources << The Direct Method. 77 0 R 77 0 R 77 0 R 77 0 R 77 0 R 77 0 R 77 0 R 77 0 R 77 0 R 77 0 R 77 0 R 77 0 R << << 3. /ExtGState << /ntilde /ograve /oacute /ocircumflex /otilde /odieresis /divide /oslash /ugrave /uacute 500 500 500 278 0 0 0 0 444 0 722 667 667 722 611 556 722 722 333 389 722 611 889 /P 71 0 R The quintessential TPR activity still used in modern foreign language classrooms today is Simon Says. /CIDSystemInfo 16 0 R /Pg 32 0 R >> /S /LBody /ca 1 79 0 R 79 0 R 79 0 R 79 0 R 79 0 R 79 0 R 79 0 R 79 0 R 79 0 R 79 0 R 79 0 R 79 0 R endobj /K [ 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 /S /P /P 98 0 R /K [ 72 0 R 73 0 R ] /Flags 32 /URI (https://cws.connectedpdf.com/cVersionID/87B93A9926C127C84CACD7C9E709CE43~EC6D8879C6E411E8AED3FDF91D3C9DB260D48E1D0824BFE7-42B89D64EAD8DCBC-3A86A0533100EF014B9B8600) 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 278 278 355 556 556 889 667 191 333 The direct method was the outcome of the reaction against the grammar translation … << It highlights the nature of the curriculum, teaching procedures and materials. 75 0 R 75 0 R 75 0 R 75 0 R 75 0 R 75 0 R 75 0 R 75 0 R 75 0 R 75 0 R 75 0 R 75 0 R /ca 0.15 /egrave /eacute /ecircumflex /edieresis /igrave /iacute /icircumflex /idieresis /eth 174 0 obj << /ExtGState << endobj /Flags 32 /MaxWidth 1948 << >> /Subtype /TrueType << /Pg 20 0 R [ 15 0 R ] << Using Smartphones in the Classroom. 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 /FontBBox [ -665 -210 2000 728 ] endobj To help raise teacher awareness of language … endobj << /Group << /P 37 0 R 49 0 R 49 0 R 49 0 R 49 0 R 49 0 R 49 0 R 49 0 R 49 0 R 49 0 R 49 0 R 49 0 R 49 0 R /XHeight 250 /OCGs 125 0 R /Count 6 /Alt () endobj /Subtype /Type1 << For the past twenty years, the language … endobj Teaching methods for English as a foreign language may focus on particular problems students often have when learning English, which include pronunciation and grammar problems. 79 0 R 81 0 R 84 0 R 85 0 R 94 0 R 102 0 R ] >> /K [ 4 ] >> >> 79 0 R 79 0 R 79 0 R 79 0 R 79 0 R 79 0 R 79 0 R 79 0 R 79 0 R 79 0 R 79 0 R 79 0 R /Pg 26 0 R >> >> 68 0 obj 53 0 R 53 0 R 53 0 R 53 0 R 53 0 R 53 0 R 53 0 R 53 0 R 53 0 R 53 0 R 53 0 R 53 0 R 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 << /Arial 112 0 R /XHeight 250 /CapHeight 677 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 [ 38 0 R 41 0 R 44 0 R 45 0 R 48 0 R 49 0 R 49 0 R 49 0 R 49 0 R 49 0 R 49 0 R 49 0 R 129 0 obj endobj /S /L >> /Fm0 202 0 R << >> /K true 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 /StructParents 1 /S /Span /OCGs [ 134 0 R ] >> 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 /TT0 5 0 R /cVersionID << 77 0 R 77 0 R 77 0 R 77 0 R 77 0 R 77 0 R 77 0 R 77 0 R 77 0 R 77 0 R 77 0 R 77 0 R >> /Pg 3 0 R endobj /Widths 110 0 R /Pg 28 0 R endobj /PageElement << /K [ 82 0 R ] /Print << >> endobj 722 667 611 722 667 944 667 667 611 278 278 278 469 556 333 556 556 500 556 556 278 57 0 obj 549 611 556 556 556 556 500 556 500 ] /Subtype /HF endobj >> 199 0 obj 122 0 obj >> /S /P << 112 0 obj /Subtype /BG /Subtype /Image /S /P /ItalicAngle -16.4 endobj /ParentTreeNextKey 6 /P 46 0 R << >> /Pg 32 0 R /S /LI /DescendantFonts 14 0 R /K [ 93 0 R ] /FontName /Times#20New#20Roman 278 278 278 722 722 778 778 778 778 778 584 778 722 722 722 722 667 667 611 556 556 >> Teaching English as a foreign language (TEFL) refers to teaching the English language to students with different first languages, typically used to imply that the English Language Learner may have already learned more than one language, prior to learning English.TEFL can occur either within the state school system or more privately, at a language … /Pg 20 0 R >> endobj << >> 79 0 R 79 0 R 79 0 R 79 0 R 79 0 R 79 0 R 79 0 R 79 0 R 79 0 R 79 0 R 79 0 R 79 0 R /S /P /Subtype /CIDFontType2 /S /LI 86 0 obj 209 0 obj /ON [ 134 0 R ] >> endobj << /TT0 5 0 R /Fm1 203 0 R 17 0 obj /Fm1 187 0 R >> 61 0 obj 168 0 obj endobj Language, linguistics, approaches to foreign language instruction, program types and effective teaching methods are discussed in the introduction. /Creator (International Journal of Science and Research \(IJSR\), www.ijsr.net) The paper critically reviews the teaching methods… 158 0 obj Learners of EFL study English for different purposes: passing the examination, career development, pursuing their education, etc. /Type /Font /Type /Group /CapHeight 677 136 0 obj /Descent -216 endobj /Fm0 170 0 R /Type /Font >> /degree /plusminus /twosuperior /threesuperior /acute /mu 183 /periodcentered /cedilla 444 333 500 500 278 278 500 278 778 500 500 500 500 333 389 278 500 500 722 500 500

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