litchi fruit borer
November 13th, 2020

M.A. Yao Q, Xu S, Dong Y, Que Y, Quan L, Chen B. [96] found that chitosan solution at pH 1.3 with citric acid gave better results in terms of less weight losses of litchi, and it was also demonstrated that browning was related to dehydration rate during storage, and the fruit pericarp pH. Rather, the problem concerns the political decisions to organize the citrus agricultural sector for production for industrial utilization. Litchis are usually eaten fresh, but can also be frozen, canned, dried or processed into juice, wine, pickles, ice-creams and yoghurt. [95] examined the effects on Litchi fruit treated with 2% chitosan solution and then stored for 20 days at 2°C and 90–95% RH, prior to shelf life evaluation at 25°C and 80–90% RH. 12.7) is one of the important insects of litchi that deteriorate the quality, as well as the shelf life of fruit. This is, perhaps, more difficult for those countries that have a citrus fruit-growing history. Well, those little worms are called fruit borer and they are completely harmless. Farm Bill 2020 : Centre calls Punjab Farmers for 2nd round of Talk on December 3. The main litchi suppliers for Europe over Christmas and New Year are Madagascar and South Africa (Mitra, 2006). Field sanitation should be practised by removing and destroying damaged fruits and seeds. The results indicate that LDPE films are suitable for preserving lichi because of their gas permeability, which could maintain the equilibrium of O2 and CO2 content close to optimal CA conditions (4.21% and 7%). Have you ever found small white worms inside litchi fruits? Get the latest public health information from CDC: The pulp of litchi contains antioxidant compounds such as glycosides of quercetin and kaempferol. The newly emerged larvae start boring into the fruits and feed on its pulp. Molecular characterization and functional differentiation of three pheromone-binding proteins from Tryporyza intacta. The aim was to determine the mode of action on the cultivars in terms of maintaining the pericarp’s red color during storage at 4°C and 90% RH. Two foliar spray of 0.2% Boron for ensuring better pollen germination, fruit growth and development and for enhancement of fruit retention. Nice pics. Source: Association of the Industry of Juices and Nectars from Fruits and Vegetables of the EEC (24/1/1996). Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. Many of the biological properties of these compounds have been correlated with their ability to scavenge oxygen-generated free radicals and to inhibit lipid peroxidation. The seeds are rich in fatty acids such as oleic acid (40.3%), arachidic acid (34.5%), stearic acid (7.1%), and palmitic acid (6.1%). The fruits are rich in phytochemicals, minerals, and dietary fiber. Sweet orange constitutes by far the most important class of commercial citrus fruits grown in tropical and subtropical regions around the world. Advances in the understanding of the molecular basis of this phenomenon were made in a work in which the expression of two cDNAs LcEXP (GenBank EF446292) and LcEXP2 (GenBank EF446293) encoding expansins (EXP) were studied at different stages of development in the pericarp and aril of the cracking susceptible cultivar ‘Nuomici’ and of the cracking resistant cultivar ‘Huaizhi’. Fruit growers must produce high-grade quality fruits in terms of taste, colour, flavour and texture to satisfy consumer demands. Zhang et al. Fang N, Hu Y, Mao B, Bi J, Zheng Y, Guan C, Wang Y, Li J, Mao Y, Ai H. Sci Rep. 2018 Jul 17;8(1):10774. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-29164-5. The cracked fruits worsen rapidly and thereafter suffer secondary infestation by disease causing organisms and insect-pests become non-marketable. The litchi fruit borer or the litchi stem-end borer ( Conopomorpha sinensis) is a moth of the family Gracillariidae. Litchi fruit borer ( Conopomorpha sinensis) is a moth (adult), belongs to family Gracillariidae (known as gracillariidae borer) of Lepidoptera order. Italian orange production, concentrated primarily in the south of Italy, comprises 70% of pigmented orange (‘Tarocco,’ ‘Sanguinello,’ and ‘Moro’), and the remainder blonde (‘Navel’ and ‘Valencia late’). The endogenous level of auxin in developing fruit in litchi has also been taken into consideration for their fruit drops. The fruits are similar to longan, with the edible part being the translucent aril, which are juicy and sweet to sour in taste. 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These physiological disorders may be due to changes in ratio of endogenous hormone level or hormonal imbalance, nutrient deficiency in soil, inappropriate levels of water, sudden change in environmental conditions, varieties, poor management of litchi orchard etc. The adults start multiplying from the end of March and the peak activity is noticed around July. Litchi chinensis as a Functional Food and a Source of Antitumor Compounds: An Overview and a Description of Biochemical Pathways. Panesar, in Science and Technology of Fruit Wine Production, 2017. Only small black dot can be seen when examined closely. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation.

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