functionalist theory of education strengths and weaknesses
November 13th, 2020

However, Marxist and Feminist sociologists argue that exploitation and inequality do exist in many forms, such as social class and gender inequality; however, functionalism has failed to acknowledge this and is therefore considered to be an approach which has traditional ideology which is outdated. Read the section on the functionalist approach on pages 39 and 40, then download this document to print out and complete the following passage by inserting the missing words listed at the end.. The educational system, especially as experienced on university campuses, has traditionally provided a place for students to learn about various social issues. Can it still be relevant considering how much has changed in society in the last 60 plus years? He also identified that these ‘systems’ have needs – the human body needs nutrition to help it sustain life, whereas society needs adequate socialisation in order for society to continue functioning in the way that it does. Due to this, may sociologists argue that the functionalism approach is not one which can be used to explain society properly. Merton claims that Parsons ignored the fact that there are institutions within society that can be dysfunctional, for example, religion can form cohesion but can also cause divisions within society. The System being organisms such as the human body, and society which fit together in fixed ways. CARIBBEAN DEFINITIONS Geographically the Caribbean is defined as the land area which has its coastline washed by the Caribbean Sea. This could therefore be seen as a strength as it acknowledges that democracy does exist in many societies. Merton also criticises Parsons’ idea about indispensability, he assumes that everything is necessary in the way that it is; for example, children can only be socialised adequately in a two parent, nuclear family, however, Merton rejects this claim as he argues that adequate socialisation can occur even within a single parent family. Functionalism being a macro-scale approach is therefore seen as a strength as it allows functionalist sociologists to observe society, and its institutions, as a whole. ...Assess the strengths and weaknesses of the functionalist view on society. It strengths are seen in the way in which it explains the basic needs and function of society, these explanations can be used by other sociologists to improve and maintain an adequate society. herbs (de Padua et al. The teacher’s authority in the classroom is a way in which education fulfills the manifest functions of social control. , Genetics and Molecular Biology Division, Institute of Biological Sciences A student might value business courses over a class in Victorian poetry because she sees business class as a stronger vehicle for financial success. Talcott Parsons, a functionalist sociologist who elaborated on Durkheim’s work about society and its functions, claimed that society is like an organism, in particular, the human body. He claimed that society needs adaptation, this is where the material needs of society are met; for example, individuals within society work in order to gain their wages which in turn provides for their material needs. Functionalism is also seen as a consensus theory, it sees society as fair and just, and it acknowledges that many societies, including the majority of western ones, have democracy and all individuals within a particular society share the same or similar norms and values. 134 (1): 31-37, June 2005 This is particularly useful when observing society in order to understand the way in which it functions and the way in which all the institutions (organic analogy: organs within the body) work together to sustain society as a whole. One of the roles of schools is to teach students conformity to law and respect for authority. School systems in the United States also transmit the core values of the nation through manifest functions like social control. (Photo courtesy of Jeff Turner/flickr). Euphorbia pulcherrima The French sociologist Émile Durkheim (1858–1917), who established the academic discipline of sociology, characterized schools as “socialization agencies that teach children how to get along with others and prepare them for adult economic roles” (Durkheim 1898). flowers are taken as galactagogue by nursing women s1.charset='UTF-8'; Integration is another need which Parsons identified, this is where cohesion between the different institutions, such as the family and education system, is promoted; this is done to avoid chaos and conflict. *Corresponding author: , karyotype Moringa oleifera Netherland Antilles: Aruba, Bonaire, Curacao (ABC"islands); Saint Marten, Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. 2. It is the framework for building theories that envisions society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stablity. According to Merton, Parsons failed to acknowledge this. Lam., An approach is to deal with a situation or problem in a particular way. It is a criteria for searching for the questions to ask. However, functionalist sociologist, Merton disagreed with the needs which Parsons identified. 1. It is also the means by which something is reached. 1977; de Padua 1996). One of the most important U.S. values students in the United States learn is that of individualism—the valuing of the individual over the value of groups or society as a whole. Latency is also needed by society, this refers to the way in which individuals cope with problems in society – they may turn to religion to reduce the strain which has been put on them by society. Schools also fill the role of teaching patriotism. Of course, with social media such as Facebook and LinkedIn, these networks are easier than ever to maintain. Strengths Underscores the relationship between the meaning of symbols and a person's behavior. Plant products are widely used in pharmaceuticals, cosmetics One of the roles of schools in the United States is fostering self-esteem; conversely, schools in Japan focus on fostering social esteem—the honoring of the group over the individual. The system needs meaning just as organisms have needs such as nutrition; society has needs which need to be met in order to survive, and lastly, functions. Greater Antilles: Cuba, Hispaniola (Haiti and Dominican Republic), Jamaica, Puerto Rico })(); For many of the settlers coming to America they, obviously, had formed their own views and beliefs on the world, including the thought on the way of life and what…. Pharmacopoeias have developed from ancient var s1=document.createElement("script"),s0=document.getElementsByTagName("script")[0]; Reycel D.M. Due to this, functionalism sees society as a body (organic analogy), all the institutions work together to make society. b. Definitions of the Caribbean region s1.async=true; The most common features of such a debate are as follows: Advantages late developers can flourish in comprehensive schools better than in secondary moderns (schools which those who… Marxism has also made a valuable impact on the study sociology by emphasising on the nature of conflict present in society and the subsequent impact on individuals. or poinsettia (Fig. 1a), * Leeward islands: Antigua and Barbuda, St. Kitts-Nevis, Montserrat, Anguilla, Virgin islands This could therefore be seen as a strength as it acknowledges that democracy does exist in many societies. social stability is based on false consciousness created by institutions like the nuclear family, education, legal and political systems culture is treated as though it is an undifferentiated 'glue' that everyone shares and which produces harmony; even the functionalist Merton recognised that … It begins with the observation that society is structured : relationship organised in terms of rules. Another role of schools, according to functionalist theory, is that of sorting, or classifying students based on academic merit or potential. According to functionalist theory, education contributes both manifest and latent functions. A strength of the functionalist theory is that it a macro degree structural theory which uses an organic analogy- utilizing the organic structure as a manner to depict the different parts within society. This would mean that the Greater and Lesser Antilles, the Cayman Islands and the islands of the Netherland Antilles all belong to the Caribbean. For functionalists, society is seen as a system of social institutions such as the economy, religion and the family all of which perform socialisation functions. This is therefore seen as a weakness of functionalism as society does have many inequalities which functionalism fails to acknowledge. For example, you might notice an attractive fellow student when he gives a particularly interesting answer in class—catching up with him and making a date speaks to the latent function of courtship fulfilled by exposure to a peer group in the educational setting. It lays emphasis on the use of historical evidence for proper study of political situations. It was further developed by Emile Durkeim and other modern sociologists such as Talcott Parsons and by R. K. Merton.... ...Assess the strengths and weaknesses of the functionalist approach to society (33 marks)

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