Celery can be grown in all the states of the United States except Alaska and Hawaii, according to the Old Farmer's Almanac. Some dieticians suggest that celery has negative calories, implying that the process of eating and digesting this vegetable consumes more calories from the body than are obtained from the vegetable. Celery can be started indoors eight to ten weeks before the last frost. For instance, one chemical in celery is a potent photosensitizer and may cause skin irritation in field workers. Both the seed and the root products are produced from varieties quite different from those used to produce the "fresh" vegetable product. Fresh celery is a product popular with the health conscious. If planting celery for a winter harvest, late summer sowing is recommended as long as daily temperatures range between 55 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit. University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension outreach is a partnership between state, federal, and county governments to provide scientific knowledge and expertise to the public. The seed and the root can be ground and mixed with salt to form the commercial celery salt formulations marketed throughout the world. Many materials can be made available in alternative formats for ADA clients. While it is grown year-round in this country, it is more difficult to grow than most fruits and vegetables. During 2017, U.S. consumers used about 15.59 million cwt of the 15.63 million cwt of celery that had been produced. The root, often in combination with bay or boldo leaves, parsley root and lovage (a wild celery variety) leaves, also can be used as a flavoring herb or can be cooked and eaten as a vegetable. Most celery produced in the United States is a variant of the Pascal (green) type. 2017-2018 Vegetable Production Handbook for Florida, Water Management for Vegetable Production, Florida Crop/Pest Management Profiles: Celery, Non-fumigant Nematicides Registered for Vegetable Crop Use, Weed Management in Field Crops and Pasture Grasses (WMG), Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (FDACS), Fish and Wildlife Research Institute--Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Florida Department of Environmental Protection, South Florida Information Access (SOFIA)—U.S. In 2017, California harvested 23,500 acres of celery, producing 14.6 million cwt of celery valued at nearly $302 million. Is the Coronavirus Crisis Increasing America's Drug Overdoses? The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination in all its programs and activities on the basis of race, color, national origin, gender, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, and marital or family status. For the fresh vegetable market, celery must be harvested within a few days after reaching a marketable size or its quality deteriorates. California and Michigan produced most of the U.S. celery crop for the fresh market and for processing into canned, frozen and dehydrated products, with California producing the majority of the total crop. In one study, sedanolide and butyl phthalide may have reduced the incidence of tumors in laboratory animals between 38 percent to 57 percent. Celery also contributes to dental hygiene, being a natural fibrous tooth cleaner and containing compounds that act as surface cleansers. Celery seed (imported from France and India) is an important but lesser used flavoring and garnish herb. Usually fresh celery stalks are packed in an upright position in their crates and may require constant temperature and moisture control to ensure marketable quality. For instance, it is a critical element in many ethnic dishes such as the Creole cookery of New Orleans, where celery shows up frequently in gumbo and related dishes. Because extreme heat and extreme cold prohibit the growth of this long-season crop, these states are excluded. Today, celery is a popular herb and vegetable in North America and Europe. Celery Stalks, Leaves and Roots Celery Oil To file a complaint of discrimination, write USDA, Office of Civil Rights, Room 326-W, Whitten Building, 14th and Independence Avenue, SW, Washington, DC 20250-9410 or call 202-720-5964. Celery can be started indoors eight to ten weeks before the last frost. Celery usually is stored, and when possible, transported at 34 degrees F and 85 percent relative humidity. The product must be carefully handled and should never be stacked more than four high in from-field transportation, storage or shipping crates. (Not all prohibited bases apply to all programs.) The difference in growing season allows for the year-round commercial production of celery in the United States. The following data shows production (cwt), harvested acres, yield (cwt/acre) and total value ($) of the fresh market + procesing celery crop for the major celery producing states for the period 1993 to 1997. These are mature markets dominated by a handful of large producers that have the production, processing and handling infrastructure to produce and get this relatively perishable crop to market in a timely fashion. According to the USDA, the 2017 crop of celery totaled 15.6 million cwt, and at an average price of $20.20 per cwt, the total value of celery utilized was nearly $314 million. The names, words, symbols, and graphics representing Iowa State University are trademarks and copyrights of the university, protected by trademark and copyright laws of the U.S. and other countries. Growers schedule plantings to develop uniform lots that reach marketable size on roughly a weekly basis. The various celery varieties contain a number of potent chemicals, including very caustic secondary plant metabolites that function as insect- or herbivore-repellant defensive compounds to protect the plant. The University of Florida (UF), together with Florida A&M University (FAMU), administers the Florida Cooperative Extension Service. The leaves may be chopped and used as a garnish (similar to parsley). With respect to these claims, there is some scientific evidence from the U.S. research community that the chemical constituents of celery seed oil may be beneficial. Celery requires a longer growing season, lots of water and prefers cooler temperatures.
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