In the rainy season, soils that dry rapidly are ideal so that the cultural and harvesting operations can be done easily. Cauliflower plays an important role in the human diet due to its attractive appearance, good taste, and Its nutritive rich value. Decided to come back to farming, agriculture sector as a Farmer and Writer. Seedlings become ready for transplanting after 4 – 5 weeks. prepared raised bed for nursery a well rotten FYM or compost mix with soil at the rate 4 kg/m2. Cabbage looper: Looper populations are generally held in check by natural enemies; if they do become problematic larvae can be hand-picked from the plants. Cauliflower crop is ready for harvest 90 to 120 days after planting. You have entered an incorrect email address! Biological controls such as spraying with Bacillus thuringiensis can be most effective at controlling looper numbers. Weeds compete with the intended crop for nutrients, which can lead to a reduction in the harvest as well as a delay in crop maturation. When pods turn brown, they should be harvested two or three times. It consists of tying with twine or securing with a rubber band the tips of the outer leaves at the top of the curd. Sorry, the comment form is closed at this time. Nursery raising for cauliflower cultivation: Intercultural Operations in cauliflower farming, Tips and Tricks to Keep Rodents Away from Your Crops, Tips to find the best fertilizer for your garden, The Ultimate Guide for Pomegranate farming (2019). Cauliflower cultivated on any good soil from clay to loamy, but the fairly deep loamy soil is most desirable. During planting, the distance between the two plants mainly depends upon the fertility of the soil, cultivation season and the market demand. Hello farmers, how about getting proits from Cauliflower farming in polyhouse? Soils with high moisture- holding capacity are preferred in late season/summer since water stress adversely affects curd development. Cauliflower farming in polyhouse is moderately sensitive to salinity in soil and water. The optimum temperature of growth for young seedlings is around 230C which at later growing stage drops to 17-200C. For this reason, cauliflower is usually grown commercially. Amar Sawant is a Hi-tech farmer, professional Greenhouse consultant, and trainer. The curd is ready for harvest in about 100 days after transplanting. Before transplanting Cauliflower crop adds farmyard manure apply in the soil and mix thoroughly in the field. Generally for early season distance between plant to plant is 45 cm X 45 cm and for main season and late season crop, 60 cm X 60 cm maintained. He works for more than nine years as an agri-entrepreneur. The full white-colored matured Cauliflower must be a harvest for sale immediately. Beet armyworm: Controlling the beet armyworm include biological control by natural enemies which parasitize the larvae and the application of Bacillus thuringiensis. Cauliflower is one of the most important winter vegetables grow in India. You may be interested in Growing Hydroponic Gerbera. Normal temperature cauliflower can be stored for 3 to 4 days and below to 0 with 85 to 90% humidity in 30 days. To produce genetically pure seed, the off-type plants must be removed thrice during vegetative phase, curd formation stage and flowering stage. Outer leaves are upright, and inner leaves cover the curd initially. For seed production crop is grown just like the market crop. The most critical moisture stage is during head development. After curing they should be thrashed and cleaned. Transplant seedlings in a cool ‘wattar’ field in the afternoon and irrigate immediately. Keep the lights just a few inches above the plants to keep them from getting long and leggy. The seed rate for main and late season varieties is 250g per acre, whereas, for early season varieties 500 g seed is required. The spacing for the main-season crop is 45 x 45 cm and 45×30 cm for early and late-season crops. Sowing of seed should be done at a distance 8 to 10 centimeters between seedlings and 1.5-2 cm in the rows. When pods turn brown, they should be harvested two or three times. It is more difficult to than its relatives because it does not tolerate the heat or cold as well. The curds should be left covered this way for a maximum of 45 days. The total number of irrigations required are 8-12. Before transplanting cauliflower crop add 150-200 q/ha farmyard manure apply in the soil and mix thoroughly in the field.
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