carpentry definition of terms
November 13th, 2020

Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. So like any other specialized industry, it comes with its own set of unique terms. Also a … Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Send us feedback. Riser - The board that closes the space vertically between steps or stair treads. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Delivered to your inbox! Definition of carpentry. Carpentry, the art and trade of cutting, working, and joining timber. The standard hand tools used by a carpenter are hammers, pliers, screwdrivers, and awls for driving and extracting nails, setting screws, and punching guide holes, respectively. A carpenter’s work may also extend to interior jobs, requiring some of the skills of a joiner. A moulding used to surround a door, window, arch or wooden panelling, or the lowest horizontal moulding of a classical entablature. In later stages, a subfloor of planks or plywood is laid across the joists, and on top of this is placed the finished floor—narrower hardwood planks that fit together with tongue-and-groove edges or any variety of covering. Consisting of two legs joined at a pivot hinge, one has a point the other holds a pencil. A window that extends out from the wall of a room, often to floor level giving additional internal floor area. On the other hand, world supplies of wood are shrinking, and the increasing cost of obtaining, finishing, and distributing timber has brought continuing revision in traditional practices. Window and door openings are boxed in with horizontal 2 × 4 lumber called headers at the top and sills at the bottom. Further, because much traditional construction wastes wood, engineering calculation has supplanted empirical and rule-of-thumb methods. Carpentry is a skilled profession and practically an art form. Heavier timber buildings also appeared in Neolithic (New Stone Age) cultures, although the difficulties of cutting large trees with stone tools limited the use of sizable timbers to frames. Much of the skill involves joining wood inconspicuously for the sake of appearance, as opposed to the joining of unseen structural pieces (see joint). The studs usually measure 1.5 × 3.5 inches (4 × 9 cm; known as a “2 × 4”) and are spaced at regular intervals of 16 inches (41 cm). With additional experience and training, many students are in a position to move on to even more lucrative careers in. The term includes both structural timberwork in framing and items such as doors, windows, and staircases. Floors are framed by anchoring 1.5 × 11-inch (4 × 28-centimetre) lumber called joists on the foundation for the first floor and on the plates of upper floors. The principal timbers used for framing and most carpentry in general are in the conifer, or softwood, group and include various species of pine, fir, spruce, and cedar. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Save 50% off a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Carpentry Terms. Glossary of terms. Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. Air-Dried Lumber: Lumber that has been dried to a moisture content of approximately 15 percent by unheated air. Tenon and dovetail saws are used to make precise cuts for the indicated joints, and a keyhole saw cuts out holes. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The traditional pitched roof is made from inclined studs or rafters that meet at the peak. Your best option is to continue your studies with free instructional videos on YouTube or online classes in computer coding, Trotter is a business owner who started his career in, While some educators balked at the costs and logistical hurdles, others embraced the idea, with teachers learning, Philippe Gourmain, a forestry expert working on the cathedral project, said the, Post the Definition of carpentry to Facebook, Share the Definition of carpentry on Twitter. The development of laminated timbers such as plywood, and the practice of prefabrication have simplified and lowered the cost of carpentry. A narrow strip of wood with a half round profile used as an ornamental edging. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Omissions? Joinery, or the making of wooden joints, is one of the principal functions of the carpenter and cabinetmaker. A square with an adjustable ruler that can mark both 90 and 45 degree angles (see also 'square'). A member of a framed structure crossing a space diagonally, and able to resist either compression or tension. The timber used in the framing is put to various uses. Anchor Bolts: Bolts driven into concrete that are used to hold structural members in place. On the other hand, in the construction of temporary formwork and shuttering for concrete building, the carpenter’s work has greatly increased. The most commonly used timber species in the United States are Canadian spruces and Douglas fir, British Columbian pine, and western red cedar. In the United States, 98.5% of carpenters are male, and i…

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