Compared to the rest of the country, Bournemouth performed well in these two areas but under performed in transport and communications. , Originally an RAF airfield, Bournemouth Airport was transferred to the Civil Aviation Authority in 1944 and was the UK's only intercontinental airport before the opening of Heathrow Airport in 1946. In accordance with World Meteorological Organization (WMO) recommendations, the Met Office maintains long-term averages of the UK climate, based on standard 30-year periods.  Although the Dorset and Hampshire region surrounding it had been the site of human settlement for thousands of years, Westover was largely a remote and barren heathland before 1800. Pencil and charcoal The National Archive, "Eddie Howe to be given Freedom of Bournemouth", "Eddie Howe to receive Freedom of the Borough", "Local History - The Royal Hampshire Regiment Museum", Official Bournemouth Borough Council information site, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bournemouth&oldid=987841925, Local government districts of South West England, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2015, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2012, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Historical population figures are for an area that equates to the modern Unitary Authority of Bournemouth.  Paul Verlaine taught at Bournemouth a preparatory school and the writer J. R. R. Tolkien, spent 30 years taking holidays in Bournemouth, staying in the same room at the Hotel Miramar. The average age of people in Bournemouth is 40, while the median age is lower at 38.  Bournemouth is one of the minority of local authorities in England still to maintain selective education, with two grammar schools (one for boys, one for girls) and ten secondary modern/comprehensive schools. , Of all Bournemouth residents aged 16 or over, 19.1% had no qualifications at all, although 35% said they had between one and four O-levels, CSEs, GCSEs or equivalent, and 36.5% have more than five O-level equivalents (grade C and above), an A-level or two to three AS-levels.  This has featured displays from the Red Arrows as well as appearances from the Yakovlevs, Blades, Team Guinot Wing-Walkers, Battle of Britain Memorial Flight including Lancaster, Hurricane, Spitfire and also the last flying Vulcan. Many of these paths, including the Invalids' Walk, remain in the town today. Out of the population of 175,017 in Bournemouth, we can state that there are at least 118 reported cases of coronavirus. , The area's geology has little variety, comprising almost entirely of Eocene clays which, prior to urbanisation, supported a heathland environment. , Historically Bournemouth was part of Hampshire, with neighbouring Poole, just to the west of the border, in Dorset.  In 2005 it was voted the most hated building in England in a 10,000-person poll conducted by the Channel 4 programme Demolition, and was pulled down in spring 2013. An apprenticeship has been completed by 6.3% of the population while 16.9% have some other work-related or vocational qualification and 8.3% hold a foreign qualification.  This was 10% higher than the average employment in the service sector for Great Britain and 11% higher than the South West.  This heathland habitat is home to all six species of native reptile, the Dartford warbler and some important flora such as sundew and bog asphodel. Granville was the author of The Spas of England, which described health resorts around the country, and as a result of his visit, he included a chapter on Bournemouth in the second edition of his book. , Other watersports popular in Poole Bay include sailing and surfing, and there are a number of local schools for the beginner to learn either sport.  South Western Railway operates a comprehensive service along this line, which also serves Southampton, Winchester and Basingstoke to the east, and Poole, Wareham, and Dorchester South to the west. <>/Font<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 18 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> A number of wooden structures were built before an 838 feet (255 m) cast iron design by Eugenius Birch was completed in 1880. The first mention of Bournemouth comes in the Christchurch cartulary of 1406, where a monk describes how a large fish ("uni magno piscis"), 18 feet (5.5 metres) long, was washed up at "La Bournemothe" in October of that year and taken to the Manor of Wick; six days later, a portion of the fish was collected by a canon from Christchurch Priory and taken away as tithe. The Russell-Cotes Art Gallery & Museum was housed in his mansion, and after his death, it was given to the town. For other uses, see, Bournemouth seafront and the Waterfront Building, Location of former Bournemouth unitary authority (dark red) within Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole (red). In 2019 2020, the population of the city of Bournemouth, England is - 163 500 people.  The Arts by the Sea Festival is a mix of dance, film, theatre, literature, and music which was launched in 2012 by the local university, the Arts University Bournemouth, and is set to become an annual event. , After the death of Tapps in 1835, his son Sir George William Tapps-Gervis inherited his father's estate. Bournemouth (/ˈbɔːrnməθ/ (listen)) is a coastal resort town on the south coast of England. <>  In his book, England's Thousand Best Churches, Simon Jenkins describes the chancel as "one of the richest Gothic Revival interiors in England", while the 202 feet (62 m) spire dominates the surrounding skyline.  Bailey was knighted in 1946 for his bridge design when he was living quietly in Southbourne in Bournemouth. Its first team plays in the Southern Premier League. The next elections are due to occur in 2024. The following people and military units have received the Freedom of the Borough of Bournemouth. The Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency, 2011 Census: KS101EW Usual resident population, local authorities in England and Wales, Population Estimates for UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, Mid-2014, Local Authorities KS01 Usual resident population. With Poole to the west and Christchurch in the east, Bournemouth is part of the South East Dorset conurbation, which has a population of 465,000.  An independent report published in 2012 indicates there has been a rise in antisocial behaviour which it attributes to the increase in nightlife.  The A350 in the neighbouring borough of Poole provides the only northern route out of the conurbation.
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