There is no text in Scripture which more clearly asserts and opens the ordinance and nature of excommunication, than this text doth. Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/1-corinthians-5.html. It is evident that it was not of very long duration, since when the apostle exhorts them 2 Corinthians 2:7 again to receive him, there is no mention made of his suffering then under it - This was an extraordinary and miraculous power. . We are further taught, that the person that is duly excommunicated is in a miserable state, he is delivered up to Satan, cast out of God’s special protection, which is peculiar to his church, and oftentimes exposed to formidable temptations. 1Co 5:5 - I have decided to deliver such a one to Satan for the destruction of his flesh, so that his spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus. Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. Spirit may be saved—The excommunication, though an act of severity, is an act of love. Now the Church in chastising offenders with severity, spares them not in this world, in order that God may spare them. "flesh" metaphorically as referring to the destruction of the man"s sinful nature. (2 Corinthians 4:4), having captured the world in the Fall, and ruling it during this age of darkness and sin. Many other expositors, following Chrysostom and appealing to the case of Job, find here only the handing over to Satan for bodily chastisement,(789) and not along with that the excommunication (Lightfoot, Bochart, Wolf, al(790)). "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 5:5". The salvation held out as a hope for the condemned was not envisioned as following his return to the congregation, but as something he would receive "in the day of the Lord Jesus," a certain reference to the final judgment. 1974. Another interpretation is that Paul was speaking of the man"s excommunication from the church. To deliver such a one unto Satan - There is no evidence that delivering to Satan was any form of excommunication known either among the Jews or the Christians. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 5:5". His analogy concerning the Passover ( 1 Corinthians 5:6-8) stresses separating what is sinful from what it pollutes. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". Some have interpreted Paul"s allusion to "such a one" in 2 Corinthians 2:6-7 as referring to this incestuous man. 1 Corinthians 3:13, 1 Corinthians 4:5, and Romans 2:5; Romans 2:16. The phrase seems to be Jewish, and to express that extraordinary power the apostles had in those days, as well in giving up the bodies to Satan, for a temporal chastisement, as in delivering them from him. 1 Timothy 6:9. day. [Note: F. W. Grosheide, Commentary on the First Epistles to the Corinthians, p123; R. C. H. Lenski, The Interpretation of St. Paul"s First and Second Epistles to the Corinthians, p217; J. J. Lias, The First Epistle to the Corinthians, p67; and G. Campbell Morgan, The Corinthian Letters of Paul, p83. 53. BibliographyBeza, Theodore. The connection of the subordinate clauses is doubtful. The main problem with this view is that Paul seems to be referring to an individual rather than to the church as a whole. (Fee p. 209). Yet most people today have never heard of John Gill. The punishment was intended for the discipline and ultimate recovery of the spirit. "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". Satan would not normally put the lusts of the flesh to death but stir them up in the man. "What the grammar suggests ... is that the "destruction of his flesh" is the anticipated result [Gr. "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". For the destruction of the flesh, that the spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus: the end of excommunication is not for the destruction of the person of him who is cast out, but for the destruction of his flesh, that is, his lusts, which are often in Scripture called flesh, or the maceration and affliction of his body through grief and sorrow; for a determination of his fleshly being cannot be here understood by the destruction of the flesh, for that is no effect of excommunication; and those who interpret the delivery to Satan, of an extraordinary punishment, which the apostles or church in the primitive times had a power to inflict, make it to terminate not in the death, but in the torments only, of the person so punished. II. 1 Corinthians 5:1-13 The Days of Unleavened Bread are a memorial to God's law and to His powerful deliverance from Egypt and bondage. σωθῇ] The aim of the ὄλεθρ. It is actually reported that there issexual immorality among you, and such sexual immorality as is not even named among the Gentilesâthat a man has his fatherâs wife! "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 5:5". (3) The only path to salvation that I find in the bible, runs directly through repentance. The hope is that such a withdrawal by the whole congregation will "force" the man to seriously evaluate the "price" he is paying for his pleasure. Solid Joys. 5:5 In contexts like this, the Greek word for "flesh" ("sarx" ) refers to the sinful state of human beings, often presented as a power in opposition to the Spirit. They say, that in the Scriptures there are but two kingdoms recognized - the kingdom of God, or the church, and the kingdom of the world, which is regarded as under the control of Satan; and that to exclude a man from one is to subject him to the dominion of the other. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 5:5". Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board). Heathens also may hear the word; he is only to be avoided in acts of church fellowship; and as to intimate communion, though it be not religious, as appeareth from 1 Corinthians 5:11, and from 2 Thessalonians 3:14.
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